Hungarian success ontributing to the intellectual heritage of the world can be measured with the 13 Hungarian Nobel Laureates to date, while there have been other famous Hungarians who invented such everyday objects as the ballpoint pen, phosphorous matches, the electric train and the basis of the telephone exchange.
Hungarian excellence in research from recent years
Outstanding research projects and centers (some examples)
- Wigner Centre (CERN). The Wigner Research Centre for Physics will host the data center of CERN capable of receiving concentrated calculation capacities. It ensures indirect access to the latest technology for about fifty researchers.
- Extreme Light Infrastructure (ELI). ELI (one of the EU’s most important scientific large investments) is currently (2015) in construction phase in Szeged. The Hungarian laser research community has played a pioneering role in the last three decades in the research that served as the basis of ELI aiming at the construction of a research super-laser that is a thousand times more powerful than the largest currently existing laser.
- Centre of Bionics. One of the outstanding results of Hungarian higher education is the development of bionics, the most dynamic high-tech industry, and the intersection of biotechnology and electronic-information technology. Twelve Hungarian research centers have jointly established the virtual research center of Hungarian Infobionics Consortia.
Outstanding research results (some examples)
- The work of mathematician Endre Szemerédi (b. 1940) was acknowledged in 2012 with the Abel Prize. The prize represents the international recognition of mathematical sciences of the highest rank, which is equal to the Nobel Prize. Szemerédi gained an international professional reputation with his results in combinatory, the theory of numbers and algorithms.
- Academician László Lovász (b. 1948) was awarded the “Japanese Nobel Prize” (Kyoto Prize) in 2010 in the category of basic sciences for his “research in the field of discreet structures”. He established relations between the different branches of mathematics, which had a significant effect on all fields of mathematics.
- Three Hungarian brain researchers were awarded the Brain Prize in 2011. The work of György Buzsáki, Tamás Freund and Péter Somogyi was acknowledged by the international prize for their discovery of the nervous networks that play a key role in memory processes. All three researchers deal with how nervous networks process information in the brain.
- MASAT-1: At the beginning of 2012 the first Hungarian satellite – developed by a group of solely Hungarian engineers – was launched into orbit. Nothing could better demonstrate that Hungarian engineering research, development and education have entered a new chapter. MASAT-1 was born as the result of joint efforts and the cooperation of students, doctoral candidates and teachers.
- Energy-saving car: The Shell Eco-marathon Europe race of 2012 witnessed a Hungarian success: the automobile of a group of university students and their teachers managed to cover 2,696 kilometers consuming just one liter of fuel. A silver medal was awarded to the Hungarian group for this outstanding result.